FREQUENCY OF CO-MORBIDITIES IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is one of the common respiratory conditions which involves the airways and is characterized by persistent airflow obstruction. About five percent of the adult population of the world is being affected by this disease. COPD is associated with several different comorbidities. These comorbidities increase the risk of hospital admission and affect health outcomes in COPD.
Aims & Objectives: To study the frequency of comorbidities in patients with COPD.
Place and duration of study: The study was conducted at Department of Pulmonology of FPGMI, Shaikh Zayed Hospital. The duration of study was 6 months from 01-01-2019 to 30-06-2019.
Patients & Methods: It was a cross sectional study, 115 were enrolled from OPD. The data were recorded in SPSS 20.0. Data were described by using frequencies and percentages and presented in tables, pi-charts, and bar charts.
Results: Total 115 male COPD patients who consented to participate in the study were registered in the study from OPD. The mean age of the patients was 61.09±10.8 years. The co-morbidities were present in 84.3% patients, and the most common disease was hypertension (65.2%) followed by ischemic heart disease (56.5%) osteoporosis (54.8%), cardiac failure (46.9%), diabetes (40.0%), anemia (36.5%), depression (27.8%), acid peptic disease (26.0%) and malignancy (11.3%). (Figure 2) Thirty one (26.9%) patients had single comorbidity, while 39.1% of patients had two co-morbid conditions, and 18.3% had more than two co-morbidities.
Conclusion: The co-morbidities in COPD patients are common & most frequent comorbidities include hypertension, ischemic heart disease, diabetes, osteoporosis and depression.