The Pakistan Postgraduate Medical Journal (PPMJ) is the owner of all copyright to any work published by the journal. Authors agree to execute copyright transfer of their Forms-ACP (Authors Certification Proforma) as requested with respect to their contributions accepted by the journal.

Material printed in this journal being the copyright of the PPMJ, may not be reproduced without the permission of the editors or publisher. Instructions to authors appear on the last page of each issue. The PPMJ accepts only original material for publication with the understanding that except for abstracts, no part of the data has been published or will be submitted for publication elsewhere before appearing in this journal. The Editorial Board makes every effort to ensure the accuracy and authenticity of material printed in the journal. However, conclusions and statements expressed are views of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of the Editorial Board or the PPMJ.