OUTCOMES OF COMPARISON BETWEEN EMERGENCY VS ELECTIVE LOWER SEGMENT CESAREAN SECTION
Objective; To compare emergency vs elective LSCS for their various outcomes.
Study setting; Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan
Duration; 01-09-2018 to 28-02-2019
Methodology: This was a randomized controlled-trial, in which pregnant females irrespective of their duration of gestation, gravida and parity having age equal more than 20 years were included. The cases were subdivided into 2 equal groups. The cases in group A were operative for emergency C section surgery and those, who were in group B underwent elective surgery. These cases were then followed to look for various surgical outcomes.
Results: In this study total 150 cases of C section were included with 75 in each group. The mean age of the group A and B was 28.87±4.43 vs 29.54±5.13 years and mean duration of gestation at presentation was 37.13±2.56 vs38.67±1.39 weeks. SSI was seen in 3 (5.33%) cases in emergency group vs 2 (2.66%) in elective group with p= 0.07. PPH was observed in 2 (2.66%) of the cases each with p= 1.0 and both hysterectomy and maternal mortality was observed in 1 (1.33%) cases each in emergency group with p= 0.81 each.
Conclusion; Complications are rate are relatively higher in emergency as compared to elective C section and SSI is nearly significantly high in this group.