Clinicopathological profile of Oral squamous cell carcinoma cases in a tertiary care hospital of Lahore during 2014-15
To determine the clinicopathological profile of Oral squamous cell carcinoma cases.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
This retrospective study was carried out at the Morbid Anatomy and Histopathology / Oral Pathology department of Post Graduate Medical Institute (PGMI), Lahore. Relevant clinicopathological data of 71 cases of OSCC reported between February, 2014 to September, 2015 was collected. SPSS 21.0 was used for analyzing the data. Mean was given for quantitative variables while frequencies and percentage were calculated for qualitative variables .
Out of 71 OSCC patients, 76.1% were above 40 years and maximum number of patients 23(32.39%) were in the sixth decade. Mean age of the OSCC patients was 53 years. A Male to female patient ratio of 1.84:1 was seen. The commonest site of OSCC development was tongue. Histopathologically, Moderately differentiated OSCC (grade II) cases were maximum in number ie. (66.32%). Among the studied cases, 8 were recurrent OSCC cases and 6 cases had lymph node metastasis.
OSCC is a major health delimma. Measures should be taken for awareness regarding prevention, early diagnosis, management and follow up of oral cancer.